A federal tax lien is the government’s legal claim against your property when you neglect or fail to pay a tax debt. A discharge removes a lien from specific property. Paying your tax debt, in full, is the best way to get rid of a federal tax lien. The IRS releases your lien within 30 days after you have paid your tax debt. However, when conditions are in the best interest of both the government and the taxpayer, other options for reducing the impact of a lien exist.